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The African-American Church, Political Activity, and Tax Exemption

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dc.contributor.author James, Vaughn E.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-03-30T22:09:31Z
dc.date.available 2011-03-30T22:09:31Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.citation 37 Seton Hall L. Rev. 37 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10601/1310
dc.description.abstract Ever since its inception during slavery, the African-American Church has served as an advocate for the socio-economic improvement of this nation’s African-Americans. Accordingly, for many years, the Church has been politically active, serving as the nurturing ground for several African-American politicians. Indeed, many of the country’s early African-American legislators were themselves members of the clergy of the various denominations that constituted the African-American Church. In 1934, Congress amended the Internal Revenue Code to prohibit tax-exempt entities—including churches and other houses of worship—from allowing lobbying to constitute a “substantial part” of their activities. In 1954, Congress further amended the Code to place an absolute prohibition on political campaigning by these tax-exempt organizations. While these amendments did not specifically target churches and other houses of worship, they have had a chilling effect on efforts by these entities to fulfill their mission. This chilling effect is felt most acutely by the African-American Church, a church established to preach the Gospel and engage in activities which would improve socio-economic conditions for the nation’s African-Americans. This Article discusses the efforts made by the African-American Church to remain faithful to its mission and the inadvertent attempts made by Congress to impede the fulfillment of this mission. The Article will propose a solution to the tug-of-war that would enable the Church to fulfill its mission while acting within the confines of the law. This proposal would allow the future involvement of the Church and other houses of worship in political activity, with these entities funding their involvement with taxable funds. The adoption of this proposal would allow the Church, for the first time since 1954, to fulfill its mission without fear of breaking the law or losing its tax-exempt status.
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Seton Hall Law Review
dc.relation.uri http://www.heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/shlr37&id=377&collection=journals&index=journals/shlr
dc.relation.uri https://a.next.westlaw.com/Document/I510f4571c22711db909893dfdd4e329b/View/FullText.html
dc.relation.uri https://advance.lexis.com/api/document/collection/analytical-materials/id/4N3H-0VD0-00CT-T03M-00000-00?context=1000516
dc.relation.uri http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1762657
dc.subject Religion en_US
dc.subject Politics en_US
dc.subject Race en_US
dc.subject Tax en_US
dc.subject African-American
dc.subject Tax exemption
dc.title The African-American Church, Political Activity, and Tax Exemption en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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