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Transboundary Aquifers: Conceptual Models for Development of International Law

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dc.contributor.author Eckstein, Gabriel
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-13T16:50:10Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-13T16:50:10Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation 43 Ground Water 679 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10601/528
dc.description.abstract More than one-half of the world's population is dependent on ground water for everyday uses such as drinking, cooking, and hygiene. In fact, it is the most extracted natural resource in the world. As a result of growing populations and expanding economies, many aquifers today are being depleted while others are being contaminated. Notwithstanding the world's considerable reliance on this resource, ground water resources have long received only secondary attention as compared to surface water, especially among legislatures and policymakers. Today, while there are hundreds of treaties governing transboundary rivers and lakes, there is only one international agreement that directly addresses a transboundary aquifer. Given that many of the aquifers on which humanity so heavily relies cross international borders, there is a considerable gap in the sound management, allocation, and protection of such resources. In order to prevent future disputes over transboundary aquifers and to maximize the beneficial use of this resource, international law must be clarified as it applies to transboundary ground water resources. Moreover, it must be defined with a firm basis in sound scientific understanding. This paper offers six conceptual models is which ground water resources can have transboudary consequences. The models are intended to help in assessing the applicability and scientific soundness of existing and proposed rules governing transboundary ground water resources. In addition, we consider the development of international law as it applies to ground water resources and make recommendations based on the models and principles of hydrogeology. The objective is the development of clear, logical, and science-based norms of state conducts as they relate to aquifers that traverse political boundaries. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Ground water en_US
dc.subject Transboundary en_US
dc.title Transboundary Aquifers: Conceptual Models for Development of International Law en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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