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International Cultural Property

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Title: International Cultural Property
Author: Phelan, Marilyn E.
Abstract: The illicit market in artworks, antiquities, and other cultural property continues to be a matter of international concern, and the year 2001 saw significant developments in the field of cultural property law. For example, pursuant to the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act (CPIA), the U.S. government entered into significant bilateral agreements with Italy and Bolivia to require importers to prove legal export of archaeological artifacts and considered renewal of the bilateral agreements with Canada and Peru. It indicted an influential art dealer in New York who allegedly received ancient artworks that had been stolen and illegally removed from Egypt. Further, a civil action brought by the United States, pursuant to U.S. ratification of the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, led to the return of a Wang Chuzhi Marble Wall Panel to the Cultural Relics Administration of the People's Republic of China. Also in 2001, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) adopted the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, which provides a legal regime to protect the many millennia of history that resides in shipwrecks and underwater sites. Further, in its new Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, UNESCO will require its member States to combat the illicit traffic in cultural property.
Description: Co-author with Daniel W. Eck and Patty Gerstenblith.
Related Resources: Click to follow Hein Online link Click to follow Lexis link Click to follow Westlaw link
Date: 2002

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